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What's a TV Show?

A TV show is a segment of content intended for broadcast on television, other than a commercial, channel ident or trailer. It may be a single production, or more commonly, a series of related productions (also called a television series).

A television series that is intended to comprise a limited number of episodes may be called a miniseries or serial. Series without a fixed length are usually divided into seasons, yearly or semiannual sets of new episodes. While there is no defined length, US industry practice tends to favor longer seasons than those of some other countries.

A one-time broadcast may be called a "special."

There are different formats on Tv Shows: They can be fictional (as in comedies and dramas), or non-fictional (as in documentary, news, and reality television). It may be topical (as in the case of a local newscast and some made-for-television movies), or historical (as in the case of many documentaries and fictional series). They could be primarily instructional or educational, or entertaining as is the case in situation comedy and game shows.


Getting TV programming shown to the public can happen in many different ways. After production, the next step is to market and deliver the product to whichever markets are open to using it. This typically happens on two levels:

Original run or First run: a producer creates a program of one or multiple episodes and shows it on a station or network which has either paid for the production itself or to which a license has been granted by the television producers to do the same.

Broadcast syndication: this is the terminology rather broadly used to describe secondary programming usages (beyond original run). It includes secondary runs in the country of first issue, but also international usage which may not be managed by the originating producer. In many cases, other companies, TV stations, or individuals are engaged to do the syndication work, in other words, to sell the product into the markets they are allowed to sell into by contract from the copyright holders, in most cases the producers.

A drama program usually features a set of actors in a somewhat familiar setting. The program follows their lives and their adventures. Except for soap opera-type serials, many shows especially before the 1980s, remained static without story arcs, and the main characters and premise changed little. If some change happened to the characters' lives during the episode, it was usually undone by the end. (Because of this, the episodes could be broadcast in any order.) Since the 1980s, there are many series that feature progressive change to the plot, the characters, or both.

TV Shows genres

Basically, there are three different genres:

Scripted: Those TV Shows with a close story to tell. General audience don't know the plot, but the script is finished before the show is premiered. Sometimes, scripts are written only for one season, and in case of success, scripters rewrite the plot. Some examples are: Drama, action, soap opera, sitcom, sketch comedy


Unscripted: Those TV Shows with a timeline with different questions, quest or games, but none knows what is going to happen. For example, Game shows, reallity (!), Talk shows or talent shows.


Informational: Those TV shows with a objective information. That includes TV news, documentaries or magazines.

How does a TV show make money?

There are a few ways. First of all, PBS shows are paid for by underwriting, which is a company pays to be the sponsor. This is not advertising and there are strict rules about what they can and cannot say. Basically, they can only mention their names, but not discuss their product or services. Yes, some of your taxes do go to Public Television. 

However, you are most likely asking about commercial television. Usually (but not always), a network pays the production studios to make the show. As others have said, a lot of money comes in to the network or station from advertising dollars. In some cases, they don't pay much if anything, and instead share advertising profit with the show's producers. Ratings measure how many people are watching. Companies pay television networks and stations for commercial time. The TV sales people negotiate the price and usually guarantee so many viewers. For example, Company A buys a 30 second commercial, and the network guarantees that at least "X" million people are exposed to that spot. Obviously the greater the rating, the more money they can charge. Sales reps usually work on a "cost per thousand [viewers]" basis. This is sometimes broken down to specific demographics. Ad buyers can specify which shows they want to be in, but may have to pay more if a certain show is regarded as higher quality or has some other positive intangible. (Think Superbowl commercials). 

With all that said, the biggest way a show makes money is in SYNDICATION. When a program is deemed successful, it is shopped around to the networks and or TV stations individually, and the rights to air reruns are sold. The nets or stations pay a specific amount to air the reruns (ind in return still get the profit from advertising). There are a lot of technicalities here such as at the amount of times it can be shown, which time slot, whether the deal is exclusive, etc. Syndications typically occurs after the show has aired about 100 episodes or 3 complete seasons, however with so many cable networks out there, a lot of programs are being syndicated early. Therefore you may have one network airing originals still in production, but another network airing the reruns. 

But if you think through all this, then yes, it is the public paying for programs. Companies won't buy advertising unless they see their sales increasing. They pay for advertising with their profits from selling us all their products and services.

TV Evolution in the 50's and 60's



1940: the American Federal Communications Commission holds public hearings on television
1941: First television advertisements aired.
1943: Hänsel und Gretel is the first complete opera to be broadcast on television, but only in New York.
1944: American Broadcasting Company (ABC) formed.
1945: National Broadcasting Company (NBC) begins the first regularly scheduled television network service in the United States.
1946: Many US companies began broadcasting.
1948: First broadcast of The Ed Sullivan Show.
1949: the first Emmy Awards are given


1950: Cuba is the first Caribbean country to receive TV; Brazil is the first South American country to receive TV; 
1951: The first broadcast of live United States transcontinental television takes place in San Francisco, California from the Japanese Peace Treaty Conference. 
1953: The coronation of Elizabeth II is the first of its kind to be broadcast on television
1954: NTSC video standard for color television is introduced, and National Educational Television (NET) is launched
1955: ITV launches in the UK, Sunday Night at the London Palladium first broadcast
1956: First broadcast of the Eurovision Song Contest.


1960: American presidential candidates John F. Kennedy and Richard M. Nixon debate live on television
1962: First satellite television relayed by Telstar
1963: First broadcast of General Hospital, The Fugitive, The Outer Limits and Doctor Who
1964: The Beatles appear on The Ed Sullivan Show
1965: Nigeria is the first African country to receive TV.
1967:  PAL and SECAM colour standards introduced in Europe, with BBC2 making their first colour broadcasts
1968: First broadcast of 60 Minutes, One Life to Live, Dad's Army, Julia, Columbo, Elvis, Mister Rogers' Neighborhood, Hawaii Five-O Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In and Adam-12
1969: Apollo 11 Moon landing broadcast live worldwide

Origins: Best TV shows in the 50's



You Bet Your Life was an American quiz show that aired on both radio and television. The original and best-known version was hosted by Groucho Marx of the Marx Brothers. After several years on radio, the show went on TV on October 4, 1950. For its final season debuting September 22, 1960, the TV show was renamed The Groucho Show and ran a further year.

The play of the game, however, was secondary to the interplay between Groucho and the contestants.


What's My Line? was a panel game show which originally ran in the United States on the CBS Television Network from 1950 to 1967, with several international versions and subsequent U.S. revivals. The game tasks celebrity panelists with questioning contestants in order to determine their occupations. It is the longest-running U.S. primetime network television game-show.



Today (also called The Today Show) is an American news and talk morning television show that airs on NBC. The program debuted on January 14, 1952. It was the first of its genre on American television and in the world, and is the fifth-longest-running American television series.


The Ed Sullivan Show was an American TV variety show that ran on CBS from Sunday June 20, 1948 to Sunday June 6, 1971, and was hosted by New York entertainment columnist Ed Sullivan.



Alfred Hitchcock Presents is an American television anthology series hosted by Alfred Hitchcock. The series featured dramas, thrillers, and mysteries. By the time the show premiered on October 2, 1955, Hitchcock had been directing films for over three decades.

Perry Mason is an American legal drama series originally broadcast on CBS television from September 21, 1957, to May 22, 1966. The title character, portrayed by Raymond Burr, is a fictional Los Angeles criminal defense lawyer who originally appeared in detective fiction by Erle Stanley Gardner. Many episodes are based on stories written by Gardner.

I Love Lucy is an American television sitcom starring Lucille Ball. The black-and-white series originally ran from October 15, 1951, to May 6, 1957, on CBS.
I Love Lucy was the most watched show in the United States in four of its six seasons. I Love Lucy is often regarded as one of the greatest and most influential sitcoms in history. In 2012, it was voted the 'Best TV Show of All Time' in a survey conducted by ABC News and People Magazine.

Gunsmoke is an American radio and television Western drama series. The stories take place in and around Dodge City, Kansas, during the settlement of the American West. The central character is lawman Marshal Matt Dillon, played by William Conrad on radio and James Arness on television.

Adventures of Superman is an American television series based on comic book characters and concepts created in 1938 by Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster. The show is the first television series to feature Superman and began filming in 1951 in California on RKO-Pathé stages and the RKO Forty Acres back lot.

I love Lucy - Chocolate scene

Gunsmoke - Intro

The adventures of Superman - Intro

Best TV shows in the 60's


The Flintstones

The Flintstones is an animated, prime-time American television sitcom that was broadcast from September 30, 1960 to April 1, 1966, on ABC. The show, produced by Hanna-Barbera, fancifully depicted the lives of a working-class Stone Age man, his family, and his next-door neighbor and best friend.

Sesame Street

Sesame Street is a long-running American children's television series created by Joan Ganz Cooney and Lloyd Morrisett. The program is known for its educational content, and images communicated through the use of Jim Henson's Muppets, animation, short films, humor, and cultural references. The series premiered on November 10, 1969, to positive reviews, some controversy, and high ratings.

The show has undergone significant changes throughout its history. The format of Sesame Street consists of a combination of commercial television production elements and techniques which have evolved to reflect the changes in American culture and the audience's viewing habits. With the creation of Sesame Street, producers and writers of a children's television show used, for the first time, educational goals and a curriculum to shape its content. It was also the first time a show's educational effects were studied.

As of 2015, Sesame Street has won 159 Emmy Awards and 8 Grammy Awards—more than any other children's show.




Bonanza is an NBC television western series that ran from September 12, 1959, to January 16, 1973. Lasting 14 seasons and 430 episodes, it ranks as the second longest running western series (behind Gunsmoke), and within the top 10 longest running, live-action American series.
The show is set around the 1860s and it centers on the Cartwright family, who live in the area of Virginia City, Nevada, bordering Lake Tahoe.


Batman is a 1960s American live action television series, based on the DC comic book character of the same name. It starred Adam West as Batman and Burt Ward as Robin — two crime-fighting heroes who defend Gotham City. It aired on the ABC network for three seasons from January 12, 1966, to March 14, 1968. The show was aired twice weekly for its first two seasons and weekly for the third, with a total of 120 episodes produced during its run. The program was known for camp style, its upbeat theme music and relatively simplistic youth-aimed moral lessons, which included championing the importance of using seat belts, doing homework, eating vegetables, and drinking milk among children.

The Munsters

The Munsters is an American television sitcom depicting the home life of a family of benign monsters. It stars Fred Gwynne as Herman Munster and Yvonne De Carlo as his wife, Lily Munster. The series was a satire of both traditional monster movies and the wholesome family fare of the era, and was produced by the creators of Leave It to Beaver. The series originally aired on CBS from September 24, 1964, to May 12, 1966; 70 episodes were produced.


Star Trek

Star Trek is an American science fiction television series created by Gene Roddenberry that follows the adventures of the starship USS Enterprise (NCC-1701) and its crew. It later acquired the retronym of Star Trek: The Original Series (Star Trek: TOS or simply TOS) to distinguish the show within the media franchise that it began.

The show is set in the Milky Way galaxy, roughly during the 2260s. The ship and crew are led by Captain James T. Kirk (William Shatner), first officer and science officer Spock (Leonard Nimoy), and chief medical officer Leonard McCoy (DeForest Kelley). Shatner's voice-over introduction during each episode's opening credits stated the starship's purpose:

Doctor Who

Doctor Who is a British science-fiction television programme produced by the BBC from 1963 to the present day. The programme depicts the adventures of the Doctor, a Time Lord— a space and time-travelling humanoid alien. He explores the universe in his TARDIS, a sentient time-travelling space ship. Its exterior appears as a blue British police box, which was a common sight in Britain in 1963 when the series first aired. He is accompanied by companions, and he combats a variety of foes while working to save civilisations and help people in need.


TV Evolution in the 70's and 80's

1970: PBS is launched

1975: First broadcast of "Wheel of fortune"

1976: First broadcast of "The Muppet Show"

1981: MTV was launched

1983: Cable TV appeared in US

1983: Disney Channel was launched

1984: Canal + was launch

1989: Eurosport was launch.

Cartoons & animated tv shows

Only in Japan, around 20 or 30 animated tv shows were on air every year during the 70's. They found a way to make some cheap cartoons with enough quality to be on TV, so in 1973 Japanese cartoons were on the top. We know as Manga the comic production, and as Anime the TV and movies productions.

1972: Mazinger Z

  • It was adapted from manga series into an anime television series which aired on Fuji TV from December 1972 to September 1974. It's the story of a superpower robotand his ownder fighting agains evil forces. 


1972: Battle of the planets

  • Five young people as G-Force, protect Earth from planet Spectra and other attacks from beyond space.


1973: Doraemon

1974: Heidi, girl of the Alps

1975: Maya, the bee

1976: Candy Candy

1980: 3000 leagues in search of Mother

  • Marco, a boy who lives with his family in the harbor city of Genoa, Italy during a depression period in 1881 has to search for his mother to Argentina.

1980: Astro Boy

1981: Dogtanian and the three Muskehounds

1983: Captain Tsubasa

  • Tsubasa Oozora is an 11-year-old elementary school student who is deeply in love with football and dreams of one day winning the FIFA World Cup for Japan.

1983: He-man and the Masters of the Universe

1984: Fist of the North Star

1984: Sherlock Hound

1986: Maple Town

1986: Dragon Ball

  • A young monkey-tailed boy named Goku befriending a teenage girl named Bulma. Together they go on a quest to find the seven Dragon Balls 

1986: Saint Seiya

  • Seiya is an orphan who was forced to go to the Sanctuary in Greece to obtain the Bronze Cloth of the Pegasus constellation, a protective armor worn by the Greek goddess Athena's 88 warriors known as Saints.

1987: Duck Tales

1989: The Simpsons


Sitcoms & drama

   A situation comedy, or sitcom, is a genre of comedy centered on a fixed set of characters who carry over from episode to episode. Sitcoms can be contrasted with sketch comedy, where a troupe may use new characters in each sketch, and stand-up comedy, where a comedian tells jokes and stories to an audience.


   Sitcoms originated in radio, but today are found mostly on television as one of its dominant narrative forms. A situation comedy television program may be recorded in front of a studio audience, depending on the program's production format. The effect of a live studio audience can be imitated or enhanced by the use of a laugh track.


   Some of the most famous sitcoms in those decades were: Fawlty towers, Alf, Punky Brewster, Family matters, Perfect Strangers, The Wonder Years, Saved by the bell, Full house, The Golden Girls, Three's company, Cheers, Growing pains and Married...with children.

                               Fawlty Towers                                                                  Cheers - Opening                                                                           Married with children

    A soap opera is a serial drama on television or radio that examines the lives of many characters, usually focusing on emotional relationships to the point of melodrama. The term soap opera originated from such dramas being typically sponsored by soap manufacturers in the past. A crucial element that defines the soap opera is the open-ended serial nature of the narrative, with stories spanning several episodes. In soap operas each episode ends with a promise that the storyline is to be continued in another episode".


    The main characteristics that define soap operas are "an emphasis on family life, personal relationships, sexual dramas, emotional and moral conflicts; some coverage of topical issues; set in familiar domestic interiors with only occasional excursions into new locations"


    Some dramas and soap operas from these decades were Dinasty, Dallas or Falcon Crest

Falcon Crest Opening

    The 80's were the years when action tv shows took place. Many productions tried to put some action on TV, normally in the skin of vigilantes and righteous outlaws. Some examples were: MacGyver, M*A*S*H*, Miami Vice, HIll Street Blues and Murder, she wrote


The A-Team was an American action-adventure television series that ran on NBC from 1983 to 1987 about members of a fictitious former United States Army Special Forces unit. The members, after being court-martialed "for a crime they didn't commit", escaped from military prison and, while still on the run, worked as soldiers of fortune. The series was created by Stephen J. Cannell and Frank Lupo. A feature film based on the series was released by 20th Century Fox in June 2010.


Knight Rider is an American television series created and produced by Glen A. Larson. The series was originally broadcast on NBC from 1982 to 1986. The show stars David Hasselhoff as Michael Knight, a high-tech modern crime fighter assisted by KITT, an advanced artificially intelligent, self-aware and nearly indestructible car. This was the last series Larson devised at Universal Television before he moved to 20th Century Fox.

70's & 80's

TV Evolution in the 90's and 2000's

1990: The Fresh-Prince of Bel-Air; Beverly Hills; Twin Peaks; Mr. Bean

1992: Cartoon Network is launched. Sailor Moon; Melrose place; 

1993: Beavis and Butt-head; Power Rangers; Walker Texas Ranger; The X-Files; 

1994: Friends; 

1995: The History Channel is launched.

1996: The first High Definition TV broadcast.

1996: First DVDs are sold.

1997: First broadcast of Pokemon and South Park, first plasma TVs.

1998: The Powerpuff girls, Sex and the city and Dawson's Creek

1999: SpongeBob Square Pants; the Sopranos; Family Guy; Futurama

2000: CSI; Jackass; Dora The explorer; 

2001: 24; Band of brothers; Lizzie McGuire; Smallville

2002: American Idol; 

2003; Two and a half men; 

2004: Peppa Pig; Lazy Town; HD TV broadcast. Lost; X-Factor

2005: Grey's Anatomy; Ben 10; Bones; American Dad; How I met your mother; Prison Break; 

2006: High School Musical; Dexter; America got talent; Hanna Montana

2007: The Big Bang Theory; 

2008: Breaking Bad; Sons of Anarchy; 

2009: Modern Family; Jersey Shore; Castle; Late Night with Jimmy Fallon


Cartoons & animated tv shows

Cartoons and animated series, under the influence of japanese industry, grew up through the 90's, but little by little European and American industry took advantage over asian industries. In the 80's, japanese cartoons were full of violence, but in the 90's they became more critic about the society and ways of life. That happened under the success of "The Simpsons".

1992: Sailor Moon

Sailor Moon, known in Japan as Pretty Soldier Sailor Moon is a 1992 Japanese anime television series produced by Toei Animation using Super Sentai motifs. The series follows the adventures of the protagonist Usagi Tsukino, a middle school student who is given the power to become the titular Sailor Soldier. Joined by other Sailor Soldiers, they defend Earth against an assortment of evil villains. The anime also parallels the maturation of Usagi from an emotional middle school girl to a responsible young adult.


1993: Beavis and Butt-head

1993: Power Rangers

1997: Pokemon

1997: South Park

South Park is an American adult animated sitcom created by Trey Parker and Matt Stone and developed by Brian Graden for the Comedy Central television network. The show revolves around four boys and their bizarre adventures in and around the titular Colorado town. Much like The Simpsons, South Park uses a very large ensemble cast of recurring characters. It became infamous for its profanity and dark, surreal humor that satirizes a wide range of topics towards a mature audience. 

1998: The Powerpuff girls

1999: Spongebob Square Pants

SpongeBob SquarePants is an American animated television series created by marine science educator and animator Stephen Hillenburg for Nickelodeon. The series chronicles the adventures and endeavors of the title character and his various friends in the fictional underwater city of Bikini Bottom. The series' popularity has made it a media franchise, as well as the highest rated series to ever air on Nickelodeon, and the most distributed property of MTV Networks. As of late 2017, the media franchise has generated $13 billion in merchandising revenue for Nickelodeon.

1999: Futurama

Futurama is an American animated sitcom created by Matt Groening for the Fox Broadcasting Company. The series follows the adventures of slacker Philip J. Fry, who is accidentally transported to the 31st century and finds work at an interplanetary delivery company. The series was envisioned by Groening in the mid-1990s while working on The Simpsons; he brought David X. Cohen aboard to develop storylines and characters to pitch the show to Fox.

1999: Family Guy

2000: Dora the Explorer

2004: Peppa Pig

2004: Lazy Town

LazyTown (Latibær in Icelandic) is an English-language Icelandic children's educational musical comedy program made by an international crew and performed by a cast from Iceland, the United States and the United Kingdom. It is based upon a children's book from 1995 titled Áfram Latibær! and was created by Magnús Scheving, an aerobics champion who also plays the character Sportacus.

2006: Hanna Montana

Hannah Montana, also known as Hannah Montana Forever in its fourth and final season, is an American musical comedy television series created by Michael Poryes, Rich Correll, and Barry O'Brien. It focuses on Miley Stewart (portrayed by Miley Cyrus), who is a teenager living a double life as an average schoolgirl by day and as the famous recording artist Hannah Montana by night, which she keeps secret and only a few people know of her alter ego. The story follows the daily life of Stewart, her brother Jackson, her best friends Lily and Oliver, and her father Robby (Cyrus's real-life country singer father, Billy Ray Cyrus).

Sitcoms & drama

   Through the 90's and 2000's, sitcoms became more dramatic, creating a timeline of events: People passed away, couples got married, kids grew up, so there's a feeling of time. In the 2000's, sitcoms became a clichè, showing the same characters: a shy and unlucky main character, a beautiful girl to fall in love, a sucessful friend, an etnical one and a weirdo.

   Drama shows got more violence and action, with some twisted events and non-expected endings.

1990: The Fresh Prince of Bel-air: First comedy by Will Smith

1990: Twin Peaks: It was an American mystery horror drama television series created by Mark Frost and David Lynch that premiered on April 8, 1990, on ABC. It was one of the top-rated series of 1990. The series follows an investigation headed by FBI Special Agent Dale Cooper (Kyle MacLachlan) into the murder of homecoming queen Laura Palmer (Sheryl Lee) in the fictional suburban town of Twin Peaks, Washington.

1993: Dr. Quinn. medicine woman

1993: The X-files: The X-Files is an American science fiction drama television series created by Chris Carter. The original television series aired from September 10, 1993 to May 19, 2002 on Fox. The series revolves around Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) special agents Fox Mulder (David Duchovny), and Dana Scully (Gillian Anderson) who investigate X-Files: marginalized, unsolved cases involving paranormal phenomena.

1993: Frasier: A "Cheers" spin-off, starring the psychiatrist Frasier Crane.

1994: Friends: It was an American television sitcom, created by David Crane and Marta Kauffman, which aired on NBC from September 22, 1994, to May 6, 2004, lasting ten seasons. The show revolves around six friends in their 20s and 30s who live in Manhattan, New York City. 

1996: Spin City

1999: The Sopranos: It is an American crime drama television series created by David Chase. The story revolves around Tony Soprano (James Gandolfini), a New Jersey-based Italian-American mobster, and portrays the difficulties that he faces as he tries to balance his family life with his role as the leader of a criminal organization.

2001: 24: It is an American television series produced for the Fox network, created by Joel Surnow and Robert Cochran, and starring Kiefer Sutherland as counter-terrorist agent Jack Bauer. Each season, comprising 24 episodes, covers 24 hours in Bauer's life using the real time method of narration.

2001: Band of Brothers: It is a 2001 American war drama miniseries based on historian Stephen E. Ambrose's 1992 non-fiction book Band of Brothers. The executive producers were Steven Spielberg and Tom Hanks, who had collaborated on the 1998 World War II film Saving Private Ryan. The episodes first aired in 2001 on HBO. The series won Emmy and Golden Globe awards in 2001 for best miniseries.

2004: Lost: It is an American drama television series that originally aired on the American Broadcasting Company (ABC) from September 22, 2004, to May 23, 2010, over six seasons, comprising a total of 121 episodes. The show contains elements of supernatural and science fiction, and follows the survivors of a commercial jet airliner flying between Sydney and Los Angeles, after the plane crashes on a mysterious tropical island somewhere in the South Pacific Ocean.

2005: How I met your mother: It is an American sitcom that originally aired on CBS from September 19, 2005, to March 31, 2014. The series follows the main character, Ted Mosby, and his group of friends in New York City's Manhattan. As a framing device, Ted, in the year 2030, recounts to his son and daughter the events that led him to meet their mother.

2005: Prison Break

2006: Dexter

2007: The Big Bang Theory: It is an American television sitcom created by Chuck Lorre and Bill Prady. All three also serve as head writers. The show premiered on CBS on September 24, 2007. The show originally centered on five characters living in Pasadena, California: two physicists, an aerospace engineer, an astrophysicist and a waitress and aspiring actress.

2008: Breaking Bad: It is an American neo-western crime drama television series created and produced by Vince Gilligan. The show originally aired on AMC for five seasons, from January 20, 2008 to September 29, 2013. Set and filmed in Albuquerque, New Mexico, the series tells the story of Walter White (Bryan Cranston), a struggling and depressed high school chemistry teacher who is diagnosed with lung cancer. Together with his former student Jesse Pinkman (Aaron Paul), White turns to a life of crime by producing and selling crystallized methamphetamine to secure his family's financial future before he dies, while navigating the dangers of the criminal world.

2009: Modern Family

2009: Glee

Quiz Shows, Realities and Talk shows

1997: Big Brother is a television reality game show based on an originally Dutch TV series of the same name created by producer John de Mol in 1997. The series follows a diverse group of contestants, known as HouseGuests, who are living together in a custom-built home under constant surveillance. The HouseGuests are completely isolated from the outside world and can have no communication with those not in the house.

1998: Who wants to be a millionaire?: It is an international television game show franchise of British origin, created by David Briggs, Mike Whitehill and Steven Knight. In its format, currently owned and licensed by Sony Pictures Television, contestants tackle a series of multiple-choice questions to win large cash prizes, with the format being a twist on the game show genre – only one contestant plays at a time, similar to radio quizzes; contestants are given the question before attempting an answer, and have no time limit to answer questions; and the amount offered increases as they tackle questions that become increasingly difficult. The maximum cash prize offered in most versions of the format is one million of the local currency.


2002: American Idol: American Idol is an American singing competition television series created by Simon Fuller, produced by Fremantle USA and 19 Entertainment, and distributed by Fremantle North America. It initially aired on Fox from June 11, 2002, to April 7, 2016, for 15 seasons. On March 11, 2018, the sixteenth season debuted on ABC.
It started as an addition to the Idols format that was based on Pop Idol from British television, and became one of the most successful shows in the history of American television. The concept of the series involves discovering recording stars from unsigned singing talents, with the winner determined by American viewers using phones, Internet, and SMS text voting.


2003: The Ellen DeGeneres Show: It is an American television variety comedy talk show hosted by comedian Ellen DeGeneres. Debuting on September 8, 2003, it is produced by Telepictures and airs in syndication, including stations owned by NBCUniversal. Since the beginning of the sixth season, Ellen has been broadcast in high definition. The show has won 59 Daytime Emmy Awards as of 2017, including four for Outstanding Talk Show and six for Outstanding Talk Show Entertainment, surpassing the record held by The Oprah Winfrey Show, which won nine.


2006: Top Chef: It is an American reality competition television series which premiered on March 8, 2006, on Bravo. The show features chefs competing against each other in various culinary challenges. They are judged by a panel of professional chefs and other notables from the food and wine industry with one or more contestants eliminated in each episode.


2009: Late Night with Jimmy Fallon: It is an American late-night talk show hosted by comedian Jimmy Fallon.[1] The hour-long show, which premiered on March 2, 2009, and ended on February 7, 2014, aired weeknights at 12:35 am Eastern/11:35 pm Central on NBC in the United States.





TV Evolution from 2010

The American soap opera format lost popularity in favor of reality television and daytime talk shows. Long-lived but canceled shows All My Children and One Life to Live return in 2013 as online content. Prime-time television serials and Spanish-language telenovelas remain popular globally.

2010: Netflix introduced streaming media

2012: Netflix entered the content-production industry.

2013: House of Cards premiere

2015: HBO streaming service is launched.

2016: Amazon's Prime Video service is launched.


Cartoons & animated tv shows

Animated series went to streaming and online TV. At the beginning of the decade, Netflix and Youtube created new ways to entertain little kids.


2010: Ben 10: Ultimate Alien: It is an American animated television series – the third entry in Cartoon Network's Ben 10 franchise created by team Man of Action, and produced by Cartoon Network Studios. The plot follows on from Ben 10: Alien Force; set one year after the events of the previous series. The Omnitrix has been destroyed, and Ben must learn to master the incredible and incomprehensible secrets of the new Ultimatrix.


2011: The Amazing World of Gumball: It is a British-American animated television series created by Ben Bocquelet for Cartoon Network. It first aired on May 3, 2011. The series revolves around the lives of 12-year-old Gumball Watterson, a blue cat, and his best friend—adoptive brother goldfish Darwin, who attend middle school in the fictional city of Elmore. They frequently find themselves involved in various shenanigans around the city, during which time they interact with Gumball's family members—sister Anais and parents Nicole and Richard—and an extended supporting cast of characters.


2013: The PAW-patrol: PAW Patrol is a Canadian CGI–animated television series created by Keith Chapman. The series premiered on Nickelodeon in the United States on August 12, 2013. The series focuses on a boy named Ryder who leads a pack of search and rescue dogs known as the PAW Patrol. They work together on missions to protect the shoreside community of Adventure Bay. Each dog has a specific set of skills based on a real-life profession.


2016: The Beat Bugs: It is a British-Australian-Canadian animated children's television series, produced for Netflix by Grace: A Storytelling Company and Thunderbird Entertainment. The series is centered around five young anthropomorphized insects who live in an overgrown suburban backyard and learn life lessons while having adventures. Wakely acquired worldwide rights from Sony/ATV Music Publishing to a catalog of music by the Beatles to feature in the series. The program features versions of songs by the popular rock group, performed by contemporary recording artists and interwoven into the narrative.



Sitcoms & drama

2010 - The Walking Dead: It is an American post-apocalyptic horror television series developed by Frank Darabont for AMC that is based on the comic book series by Robert Kirkman, Tony Moore, and Charlie Adlard. Andrew Lincoln plays the show's lead character, sheriff's deputy Rick Grimes, who awakens from a coma to discover a world overrun by zombies, commonly referred to as "walkers". Grimes reunites with his family and becomes the leader of a group of other survivors. Together, they struggle to adapt to a post-apocalyptic world filled with walkers and opposing groups of survivors, who are often more dangerous than the walkers themselves. Much of the series takes place in and around Atlanta, Georgia, and later Alexandria, Virginia.


2010 - Sherlock:  Sherlock is a British crime drama television series based on Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes detective stories. Created by Steven Moffat and Mark Gatiss, it stars Benedict Cumberbatch as Sherlock Holmes and Martin Freeman as Doctor John Watson. Thirteen episodes have been produced, with four three-part series airing from 2010 to 2017, and a special episode that aired on 1 January 2016. The series is set in the present day, while the one-off special features a Victorian period fantasy resembling the original Holmes stories. 


2011 - Game of Thrones:  It is an American fantasy drama television series created by David Benioff and D. B. Weiss. It is an adaptation of A Song of Ice and Fire, George R. R. Martin's series of fantasy novels. The series premiered on HBO in the United States on April 17, 2011, and its seventh season ended on August 27, 2017. The series will conclude with its eighth season premiering on April 14, 2019.

Set on the fictional continents of Westeros and Essos, Game of Thrones has several plots and a large ensemble cast but follows three story arcs. The first arc is about the Iron Throne of the Seven Kingdoms, the second story arc focuses on the last descendant of the realm's deposed ruling dynasty, exiled and plotting a return to the throne, and the third story arc follows the longstanding brotherhood charged with defending the realm against the ancient threats of the fierce peoples and legendary creatures that lie far north and an impending winter that threatens the realm.


2011 -  Homeland: It is an American spy thriller television series developed by Howard Gordon and Alex Gansa based on the Israeli series Prisoners of War, which was created by Gideon Raff. The series stars Claire Danes as Carrie Mathison, a Central Intelligence Agency officer with bipolar disorder, and Damian Lewis as Nicholas Brody, a U.S. Marine Corps Scout Sniper. Mathison had come to believe that Brody, who was held captive by al-Qaeda as a prisoner of war, was "turned" by the enemy and poses a threat to the United States. The series focuses on a storyline that evolves from this premise, together with Mathison's ongoing covert work.



2011 - Black Mirror: it  is a British anthology science fiction television series created by Charlie Brooker, with Brooker and Annabel Jones serving as the programme showrunners. It examines modern society, particularly with regard to the unanticipated consequences of new technologies. Episodes are standalone, usually set in an alternative present or the near future, often with a dark and satirical tone, though some are more experimental and lighter. Black Mirror was inspired by older anthology series like The Twilight Zone, which was able to deal with controversial, contemporary topics without fear of censorship. 


2016 - Stranger Things: It is an American science fiction-horror web television series created, written, and directed by the Duffer Brothers and released on Netflix. Set in the fictional town of Hawkins, Indiana, in the 1980s, the first season focuses on the investigation into the disappearance of a young boy amid supernatural events occurring around the town, including the appearance of a girl with psychokinetic abilities who helps the missing boy's friends in their own search. The second season, titled Stranger Things 2, is set one year later, and deals with attempts of the characters to return to normality and consequences that linger from the first season. The third season, titled Stranger Things 3, is set in mid-1985.​

Quiz Shows, Realities and Talk shows

2011: The Voice: It is an American singing competition television series broadcast on NBC. It premiered during the spring television cycle on April 26, 2011, and expanded into the fall cycle with the premiere of the third season on September 10, 2012. Based on the original The Voice of Holland, it has aired fifteen seasons and aims to find currently unsigned singing talent (solo or duets, professional and amateur) contested by aspiring singers, age 13 or over, drawn from public auditions. Lots of clone shows appeared throughout this decade, like The Sing-Off and American Best Crew. A previous show was British's got Talent since 2007.


2015: The Late Late Show with James Corden is an American late-night talk show hosted by James Corden on CBS. It is the fourth and current iteration of The Late Late Show. Airing in the U.S. from Monday to Friday nights, it is taped in front of a studio audience Monday through Thursday afternoons – during weeks in which first-run episodes are scheduled to air – at CBS Television City in Los Angeles, California in Studio 56. Corden was announced as the show's new host on September 8, 2014, succeeding Craig Ferguson. Originally scheduled to premiere on March 9, 2015, CBS later pushed back the premiere to March 23,  2015, so they could use the NCAA basketball tournament to promote Corden's debut. It is a very well-known show because of its crazy carpool karaoke and its street musicals


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