It is a secular vocal music composition. It´s polyphonic and it doesn´t have any instruments as accompaniment.

It expresses the emotion contained in every line of a poem, and it sometimes contains individual words. The lyrics are written with popular expressions.

It was born in Italy so it´s written in italian and it was the most important secular form of its time.

The most important composers were Festa, Arcadeltor or Verdelot.

At the end of the century, it changed into two new dramatic forms:

     Peasant private entertainment: It will be the baroque opera form. It has composers like Claudio Monteverdi

  It fades through the growth of new secular forms like the opera, and is mixed with cantata and dialogue.


This publication was quickly so popular, first of all in Italy, and then in some others countries of Europe.

Composers used a technique in which the passages assigned a word and they expresses its meaning with musical forms.

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