R'nB music

Rhythm'n Blues

Rhythm and blues, often abbreviated to R&B or RnB, is a genre of popular African-American music that originated in the 1940s, but took some relevance during the 60's. The term was originally used by record companies to describe recordings marketed predominantly to urban African Americans, at a time when "urbane, rocking, jazz based music with a heavy, insistent beat" was becoming more popular. In the commercial rhythm and blues music typical of the 1950s through the 1970s, the bands usually consisted of piano, one or two guitars, bass, drums, saxophone, and commonly background vocalists. R&B lyrical themes often encapsulate the African-American experience of pain and the quest for freedom and joy. Lyrics focus heavily on the themes of triumphs and failures in terms of relationships, freedom, economics, aspirations, and sex.

In its origins, RnB got the musical feeling of jazz, specially blues, but with the born of RnR the style suffered a mix-up with new genres.

Some artist of RnB were Aretha Franklin, The Chords, Bo Didley, Sam Cooke

 

Aretha Franklin

Respect

Bo Diddley

Bo Diddley

 

Sam Cooke

What a wonderful world

 

Ray Charles

What I'd say

 

Soul

Soul music is a popular music genre that originated in the United States in early 1960s. It combined elements of African-American gospel music, rhythm and blues, and often jazz. Soul music became popular for dancing and listening in the United States – where record labels such as Motown, Atlantic and Stax labels were influential during the period of the civil rights movement. Soul also became popular around the world, directly influencing rock music and the music of Africa.

Just as the word describes, soul style is full of passion, so usually lyrics are about love, civil rights or personal freedom. The tempo uses to be slower than RnB and it uses a choir and even a string orchestra. Perhaps the most important enhancement was the kind of voice required for this style: a powerful voice full of vibrato. Catchy rhythms, stressed by handclaps and extemporaneous body moves, are an important feature of soul music. Other characteristics are a call and response between the soloist and the chorus, and an especially tense vocal sound. The style also occasionally uses improvisational additions, twirls and auxiliary sounds.

Some artist in this style were Ray Charles, Otis Redding, Ben E. King, Marvin Gaye or the Temptations.

 

Otis Redding

Sitting on the dock of the bay

 

Marvin Gaye & Tammi Terrell

Ain't no mountain high enough

 

Ben E. King

Stand by me

 

The Temptations

My girl

 

MOTOWN

The Jacksons Five

Dancing Machine

Diana Ross

Do you know?

Motown is an American record company. It was founded by Berry Gordy, Jr. on January 12, 1959, in Detroit, Michigan, as Tamla Records, and was incorporated as "Motown Record Corporation" on April 14, 1960. The name, a portmanteau of motor and town, is also a nickname for Detroit. Crafted with an ear towards pop appeal, the Motown Sound typically used tambourines to accent the back beat, prominent and often melodic electric bass-guitar lines, distinctive melodic and chord structures, and a call-and-response singing style that originated in gospel music. Pop production techniques such as the use of orchestral string sections, charted horn sections, and carefully arranged background vocals were also used. Complex arrangements and elaborate, melismatic vocal riffs were avoided.

In the late 1960s, Motown and its subsidiary labels were the most successful proponents of what came to be known as the Motown Sound, a style of soul music with a distinct pop influence.

 

Some artist were The Jacksons 5, Steve Wonder, Lionel Ritchie or Diana Ross.
 

Lionel Richie

All night long

Stevie Wonder

Sir Duke

Funky

It was a danceable new form of music through a mixture of soul music, jazz, R&B and Motown.
Funk de-emphasizes melody and harmony and brings a strong rhythmic groove of electric bass and drums to the foreground.
Funk songs are often based on an extended vamp on a single chord, distinguishing it from R&B and soul songs, which are built on chord progressions. Rhythm is everything in funky music: the back beat is always in syncopation.
The common instruments are: electric guitar, electric bass, Hammond organ, and drums playing interlocking rhythms. Funk bands sometimes have a horn section of several saxophones, trumpets, and in some cases, a trombone, which plays rhythmic "hits".

Some bands and artists were James Brown, Sly and the Family Stone, Kool and the Gang, P Funkadelic or Afrika Bambaataa

 

James Brown

Sex Machine

Sly and the family Stone

Thank you

Kool & the Gang

Get down on it

Parliament Funkadelic

Bring the funk

Hip - Hop

Grandmaster Flash

Wildstyle

Dancers

South Korea

Sugarhill Gang

Rapper's Delight

 

Hip hop is a broad conglomerate of artistic forms that originated within a marginalized subculture in the South Bronx and Harlem in New York City among black and Latino youth during the 1970s.
It is characterized by four distinct elements, all of which represent the different manifestations of the culture: rap music (oral), turntablism or "DJing" (aural), breaking (physical) and graffiti art (visual). 
Despite their contrasting methods of execution, they find unity in their common association to the poverty and violence underlying the historical context that birthed the culture.

 

Rapping (also known as rap music, emceeing) refers to "spoken or chanted rhyming lyrics". The art form can be broken down into different components: content, flow (rhythm and rhyme), and delivery. It was an evolution of funky music. Rap had no melody, instead Hip-hop music used to get a melody at least in the chorus. It was very common to use the melody or the bass line of very known songs. The hip-hop music as a develop of rap, and had a great success in the 80's. Some bands and artist was: Sugar Hill Gang, Vanilla Ice, MC Hammer, Snap or Eminem.

 

It had different techniques to develop the style, just like:

  • Scratching is a DJ or turntablist technique used to produce distinctive sounds by moving a vinyl record back and forth on a turntable while optionally manipulating the crossfader on a DJ mixer.

  • Beatboxing (also beatbox, beat box or b-box) is a form of vocal percussion primarily involving the art of producing drum beats, rhythm, and musical sounds using one's mouth, lips, tongue, and voice. It may also involve singing, vocal imitation of turntablism, and the simulation of horns, strings, and other musical instruments.

  • B-boying or breaking, also called breakdancing, is a style of street dance that originated among Black and Puerto Rican youths in New York City during the early 1970s

The Notorius IBE 2011

Breakdance

Human Beat Box

EKlips for Trace

Pop-Rap

Pop-rap is a genre of music which combines hip hop music with elements of pop music, which gained mainstream popularity during the 2000s, but its origin is in the late 80's. It tends to combine hip-hop beats with catchy hooks and choruses similar to what's heard in pop music. They use some techniques from hip-hop music like human beatbox, street dancing or scraching, linked to a commercial sense of music, reflected in some melodies in the background. Normally, artists and rock bands in this genre take a famous tune or melodie from other music genres, specially soul, RnB, or funky.

 

Instruments: Drum machine, keyboards, rapping, sampler, robotic voice effects, singing.

 

Some artist and rock bands were MC Hammer, Vanilla Ice, C&C Music Factory and Run DMC

Vanilla Ice

Ice Ice baby

MC Hammer

Can't touch this

Run - DMC

Walk this way

Vanilla Ice

Play that funky music

C&C Music Factory

Gonna make you sweat

MC Hammer

Pray

British Soul

British soul, Brit soul, or the British soul invasion, is soul music performed by British artists. Soul has been a major influence on British popular music since the 1960s, and American soul was extremely popular among some youth subcultures, such as mods, skinheads, and the northern soul movement. In the 1970s, soul gained more mainstream popularity in the UK during the disco era.However, a clear genre of British soul did not emerge until the 1980s, when a number of black and white artists who made soul their major focus, influenced by contemporary R&B, began to enjoy some commercial success. British soul artists began gaining popularity in the United States in the late 2000s, leading to talk of another British Invasion, this time a soul invasion (in contrast to the 1960s rock and 1980s synthpop invasions).

 

 

Amy Winehouse - Back to black

 

Duffy - Mercy

 

Adele - Rolling in the deep

 

Leona Lewis - Bleeding Love

Hipster R&B

Hipster R&B (also referred to as PBR&B, indie R&B, experimental R&B, and alternative R&B) is a term used by music journalists to describe a stylistic alternative to contemporary R&B.

There has been a variety of discussion about the differing genre terms, with several critics describing the music under the broad category of "alternative R&B" or "indie R&B". The term "hipster R&B" has been commonly used, as has the term "PBR&B"—a combination of "PBR" (the abbreviation for Pabst Blue Ribbon, a beer most recently associated with the hipster subculture) and R&B. 

This music can define as an exchange between EDM, rock, hip hop and R&B. It uses a echo-laden and lofty sound, with synthesizers and filtered drums. The lyrics are about drugs, but in a way to reach a personal philosophy.

The Weeknd - Often

 

Miguel - Kaleidoscope Dream

 

Kelela - A Message

 

 

Drake - Take care