Unit 4: Tempo! Tempo!

Music needs rhythm. And rhythm need measure. We can measure music in a staff by the use of some elements.

The idea is divided music in equal parts, following a pattern.

The pattern must always have the same value, the same measure. That means that between each bar you always have the same number of beats.

This pattern is expressed at the beginning of the staff by two numbers, one over the other.

Beat: Basic sense of rhythm. Sometimes it's easy to feel, sometimes not. When the beat is specially strong, we call it upbeat.

Measure: Number of beats from one upbeat to another. 

Barline: A line in the staff to fulfill the measure.

What is a figure tree?

A figure tree is a music graphic where the musical figures are exposed in orden, showing their values and similar values.

Whole note (Redonda)-----------------------------------------------------------

Half note (Blanca)-----------------------------                                     

Quarter note (Negra)------------                                                          

8th note (Corchea)--------                                                                

What is a simple meter?

There are three kinds of meters: simple, compound and mixed. Let's start with the simple meter. A simple meter is a regularly recurring pattern. As a simple meter, all the beats we used are the same and can be divided by 2. 

   Simple meter can be organized by the number of beats per measure. Only three are possible in music:

Duple: 2 beats per measure.

Triple: 3 beats per measure.

Quadruple: 4 beats per measure.

For now, we never use values under 2 beats, or over 4 beats.

Recorder: High notes: C and D

Score: Toy Box

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