Wind instruments

A wind instrument is a musical instrument that produces sound when usually a player blows air through a tube to vibrate. Wind instruments can be classified into Wood or Brass (metal) instruments.

Wind instruments

Woodwind

Brass

Edge

Reed

Woodwind instruments

A woodwind instrument uses a sharp edge or a reed to produce sound. Most of these instruments are made of wood but can be made of other materials, such as metals or plastics. There're are two types of woodwind instruments: Edge woodwind instruments & Reed woodwind instruments.

That’s the case of a huge variety of flutes: They produce sound when air is blown across an edge. There are two sub-families:

The open flute family, in which the player's lips form a stream of air that goes directly from the players lips to the edge, such as transverse flutes and end-blown flutes. 

Edge-woodwind instruments

The Recorder

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The recorder is a family of woodwind musical instruments of the group known as fipple flutes.

Recorders can be made out of wood, plastic or ivory.

The recorder was popular from the medieval times

It declined in the 18th century. 

The recorder was revived in the 20th century, partly because it's simple for teaching music.

The sound of the recorder is remarkably clear and sweet.

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The Flute

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The flute is a transverse (or side-blown) woodwind instrument that is closed at the blown end.

The instrument is played by blowing a stream of air over the embouchure hole.

The piccolo is also commonly used in Western orchestras and bands. 

This type of flute is used in many ensembles including concert bands, military bands and marching bands.

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The Bagpipe

The bagpipe is a woodwind instrument using enclosed reeds fed from a constant reservoir of air in the form of a bag.

People have played bagpipes for centuries throughout large parts of Europe, northern Africa, and western Asia

The piccolo is also commonly used in Western orchestras and bands. 

Reed-woodwind instruments

A reed is a thin strip of wood which vibrates to produce a sound on a musical instrument. 

Single-reed instruments use a reed, that is held against the aperture of a mouthpiece with a ligature. When air is forced between the reed and the mouthpiece, the reed vibrates, creating the sound. Single reed instruments include the clarinet and saxophone families.

Double-reed instruments, use two precisely cut, small pieces of cane joined together at the base. In this family include Western classical instruments the oboe, cor anglais (also called English horn) and bassoon. 

Clarinet & Piano

Han Kim

Czardas (V.Monti)

Saxophone

Chris Parker-Wright 

"The Pink Panther" (H.Mancini)

Oboe

Orchestra Sinfonietta

The Mission (E.Morricone)

Bassoon

Teresa Tsai

The Fligh of the Bumble Bee (N.Rimsky-Korsakov)

Contrabassoon

Paul Sharrock

The Ox and the Ass (R.Gipps)

The Saxophone

It is a family of woodwind instruments. Saxophones are usually made of brass and played with a single-reed mouthpiece similar to that of the clarinet.

The saxophone family was invented by the Belgian instrument maker Adolphe Sax in 1840.

The saxophone has proved very popular in military band music, and is commonly used in jazz and classical music. There is substantial repertoire of concert music in the classical idiom for the members of the saxophone family. Saxophone players are called saxophonists.

The Bassoon

The bassoon is a woodwind instrument in the double reed family that typically plays music written in the bass and tenor clefs, and occasionally the treble.

Appearing in its modern form in the 19th century, the bassoon figures prominently in orchestral, concert band and chamber music literature. 

The Pipe Organ

The pipe organ is a musical instrument commonly used in churches or cathedrals that produces sound by driving pressurized air (called wind) through pipes selected via a keyboard. 

 

Most organs have multiple ranks of pipes of differing timbre, pitch and loudness that the player can employ singly or in combination through the use of controls called stops.

A pipe organ has one or more keyboards (called manuals) played by the hands, and a pedalboard played by the feet, each of which has its own group of stops.

The organ's continuous supply of wind allows it to sustain notes for as long as the corresponding keys are depressed, unlike the piano and harpsichord whose sound begins to decay immediately after attack.

Pipe organs are installed in churches, synagogues, concert halls, and other public buildings and are used for the performance of classical music, sacred music, secular music and popular music. 

Brass

A brass instrument is a musical instrument that produces sound by sympathetic vibration of air in a tubular resonator in sympathy with the vibration of the player's lips.

The view of most scholars is that the term "brass instrument" should be defined by the way the sound is made, as above, and not by whether the instrument is actually made of brass. 

Trumpet

A trumpet is the highest register in the brass family. Trumpets are among the oldest musical instruments, dating back to at least 1500 BC. They are played by blowing air through closed lips, producing a "buzzing" sound that starts a standing wave vibration in the air column inside the instrument. 

Horn

The horn, also known as the French horn, is a brass instrument made of tubing more than 20 feet (6.1 m) long, wrapped into a coil with a flared bell.

Descended from the natural horn, the instrument is often informally known as the French horn. However, this is technically incorrect since the instrument is not French in origin, but German. 

Pitch is controlled through the adjustment of lip tension in the mouthpiece and the operation of valves by the left hand, which route the air into extra tubing.

Pitch may also be controlled by the position of the hand in the bell since the hand is acoustically beneficial to the horn because it shortens the diameter of the bell.

Rob Heasman - Trumpet

"The very thought of you"

Ray Noble

Cat Anderson - Trumpet

Improvisation

Erik Ruske - Horn

Parable VIII for solo Horn, op.120

Vicent Persichetti

Ximo Vicedo - Trombone

Elegy for a mippy II

Leonard Bernstein

David McLemore - Tuba

Capriccio for Tuba

Penderecki

Score: Sevillana

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