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String Instruments

String instruments are musical instruments that produce sound from vibrating strings. Sometimes they are called  chordophones. Some common instruments in the string family are guitar, sitar, rabab, violin, viola, cello, electric bass, double bass, banjo and harp. There're three types of chordophones: Pluck, bow and strike.





Plucking is used as a method of playing on instruments such as the banjo, ukulele, guitar, harp, lute, mandolin, sitar, and either by a finger or thumb, or by some type of plectrum.


Plucked string instruments


Lucas Imbiriba



Marion Le Solliec

The Lord of the Rings


Francis Cutting



Ned Luberecki

Duelling banjos

The Guitar


A guitar is a popular musical instrument that makes sound by the playing of its six strings.

It is typically played by strumming or plucking the strings with the right hand while fretting the strings with the left hand. 

Guitars are recognized as a primary instrument in genres such as blues, rock or flamenco.

The Harp

The harp is a multi-string musical instrument.

All harps have a harmonic curve, resonator and strings.

A person who plays the harp is called a harpist or harper.

Various types of harps are found in Africa, Europe, North and South America and in Asia. 


Bowed string instruments

Bowed string instruments are string instruments that are played by a bow rubbing the strings.

The bow consists of a stick with many hairs stretched between its ends.

Bowed string instruments are violin, viola, cello and double bass.



Hilary Hahn

Violin Sonata Nº1 (Bach)


Jeremy Green

Perfect (Ed Sheeran)


Yo-yo Ma

Prelude - Cello suite Nº1 (Bach)

Double Bass

Miloslav Gajdos

Prelude and Fugue

The Violin


The violin is also known as a fiddle.

It is a string instrument with four strings.

Someone who plays the violin is called a violinist.

The violin can be used in classical, rock or pop music. 

Violinists and collectors particularly prize the instruments made by Stradivari and Amati families.

A person who makes or repairs violins is called a luthier. 

Struck string instruments

You can produce sound if you strike a string.

That’s the case of the piano.

It's the shortest of the musical instrumental families, with only a couple of instruments.

The Piano

Peter Buka

Dance Monkey

Piano is an abbreviation of pianoforte, which mean weak and forte in Italian.

The piano has a keyboard and three pedals.

The piano is not a portable instrument, but it's versatile.

A piano usually has a protective wooden case surrounding the soundboard and metal strings, and a row of black and white keys (52 white keys and 36 black keys).

The strings are sounded when the keys are pressed down.

How does a piano work?


Song: The wheels on the bus

The wheels on the bus go round and round. 

The door on the bus goes open and shut. 

The wipers on the bus go swish swish swish. 

The horn on the bus goes beep beep beep. 

The people on the bus go up and down. 

The babies on the bus go, “Wah wah wah. 

The mommies on the bus go, “Shhh shhh shhh. 

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